As Prime Minister Narendra Modi embarks on a state visit to the UK, the FDI reforms announced by the Government this week are likely to set the tone for a revitalized investment partnership, said the Confederation of Indian Industry.
“Mr Modi's visit to the UK is the first by an Indian prime minister in nearly one decade. There is huge excitement, of course, among the Indian Diaspora in the UK, but the business community is also keenly looking forward to a substantial boost in economic relations and commercial cooperation announcements from the visit. CII is delighted and proud to serve as the Institutional Partner from India for the official India-UK CEO Forum and we hope to generate more thought leadership in the process, driving some big business ideas that highlight the real potential of India-UK collaboration,” stated Mr Chandrajit Banerjee, Director General, CII.
According to a CII analysis, cumulative equity investment from the UK to India between January 2003 and August 2015 amounted to $54.35 billion. The annual equity investment from UK for 2015 has already touched a six-year high at over $4 billion. At its peak in 2008, annual equity investment had crossed $10 billion; hence the potential for new UK investment into India is very high, said CII.
Top sectors attracting investments from the UK include oil and natural gas, ports, roads & highways, chemicals, electronic equipment, and telecommunications.
The recent FDI announcements covering 16 sectors include many areas of interest to UK industry. The CII press release stated that UK can build up its investment pipeline in the areas of defense manufacturing, infrastructure and real estate, financial services and conventional and renewable energy industry, among others. CII has recommended that the two sides step up engagement of their small and medium enterprises to enhance investment and employment.
Indian companies too have invested strongly in the UK, with a total of $11.3 billion of investments between January 2003 and August 2015 mainly to address UK markets as well as to serve European markets. The London Stock Exchange has 28 companies listed from India. Prominent Indian companies investing in the UK include Tata Motors, Essar Energy, TVS Group, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) and Indian banks.
CII stated that the Make in India initiative would gain from the proposal of UK Export Finance to extend a £1 billion line of credit for Indian infrastructure projects such as the Bengaluru-Mumbai Economic Corridor BMEC). UK is partnering in the BMEC and UK companies are expected to establish manufacturing facilities alongside.
In IT services, the UK is the largest market in Europe for Indian IT firms. Over 30 British blue-chip companies and many smaller companies have offshored work to India, creating over 60,000 jobs here. It is estimated that British companies save over £1 billion every year due to off-shoring, including to India.
The defense sector promises to be a good opportunity for Indian and UK firms to set up partnerships. India would be rolling out more than 100 projects in the next few years and more than $15 billion worth of projects have been cleared in the last year itself.
Bilateral trade stood at $14.34 billion in 2014-15, with India’s exports at $9.3 billion and imports at $5 billion. India exports garments and textiles, machinery, petroleum products, footwear and leather, gems and jewelry, metal goods and so on to UK. Its main imports from the UK are machinery and equipment, ores, precious and semi-precious stones, silver etc.
Services trade between the two countries in 2013 amounted to £2.2 billion with India exporting £1.36 billion and importing £0.86 billion, primarily financial and business services, transportation services and travel services.
12th November 2015