Global fish production has grown steadily in the last five decades with food fish supply increasing at an average annual rate of 3.2 percent, outpacing world population growth at 1.6 percent. World per capita fish consumption has increased from an average of 9.9 kg in the 1960’s to 21.0 kg in 2012.
India is the world’s second largest producer of fish and next only to China in the area under fish production, but it is facing serious challenges that are hampering realization of full potential of the sector. Besides being a major source of revenue, fisheries sector is increasingly contributing to nutritional security of the country. The fisheries sector is an important player in the overall socio-economic development of India. The sector’s contribution to employment generation, food and nutritional security and foreign exchange earnings is now well recognized. The fisheries sector has also been one of the major contributors of foreign exchange earnings. During 2013-14, export value of marine products reached Rs. 30,213 crores.
To become global competitive, Indian agriculture including Animal Husbandry and Fisheries needs intervention in the areas of policy, technology and market access. Given the socio economic importance of the agriculture sector, The Government of India has set for itself the ambitious target of ‘Doubling farm income by 2022’. The task will entail increasing output through improved input management and technology infusion, increasing value addition by reducing wastages and increasing the returns earned by farmers from agriculture and allied activities. Aligning its work with the Government’s agenda of ‘Doubling farm income by 2022’, CII National Council on Agriculture has identified the following focus areas – resolving policy issues in consultations with the government and policy makers through Core Group of Ease of Doing Business, upgrading the technology quotient in agriculture through Core Group on Innovation and Technical Capabilities, imparting specific skill sets to the agri work force through Core Group on Human Development and ensuring long term sustainability of the agriculture eco system through Core Group on Sustainability.
The Government of Andhra Pradesh has identified the Fisheries sector as a Growth Engine for social economic development of the new State of Andhra Pradesh. The Vision 2029 Programme promotes the rational exploitation and utilization of the State’s fishery resources in a manner consistent with the overall goal of sustainable development. The production growth rate is estimated at 22.35% and growth of GVA is 35.65%. Up to December 2017, the fish and prawn production achieved 27.49 lakh tonnes with GVA of Rs.34,041 crore (constant prices). Andhra Pradesh has lion's share in the sea food exports from our country with 45% share in the year 2016-17. Sea food worth Rs.17,000 crore was exported from the state in the year 2016-17 against the total exports of worth Rs.37,871 crore from India. And look forward to make Andhra Pradesh a hub of Fisheries.