Better outreach procedures are required to meet India’s target of 1.5 – 2.5 lakh international students by 2022, according to a survey conducted by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), in partnership with EdCIL India Limited. The survey, the first of its kind in India, was released during the CII Education Summit. Currently, there are about 47,000 international students in the country.
Following are the key findings of the survey
1) 95 per cent institutions said they get international students through government agencies such as EdCIL and the Indian Council for Cultural Relations
2) 96 per cent institutions depend on their websites to do the promotion
3) Roughly 47 per cent also use social media, mainly Facebook
4) Institutes handle queries from prospective students from overseas through email
5) Technology has not made inroads yet in handling overseas traffic
6) International students are provided pre-arrival support in the form of help with paperwork for visas, arranging equivalency of degrees and getting a dedicated officer or a buddy to answer queries
7) Popular forms of on-arrival support include orientation programmes, guided tours of campuses, help with opening of bank accounts, procurement of local SIM cards, medical insurance and welcome kits with dos and don’ts
8) Hostel accommodation is available with modern facilities and multiple cuisine options
9) Security arrangements include regular updates to regional registration offices for foreigners, monitoring through closed-circuit cameras and hotlines in case of emergency
10) Sports is a popular form of cultural assimilation and dedicated sessions are organised in cultural events
11) Recommendations are sent to Indian companies present overseas to provide internship opportunities to international students in their home countries. The majority of the institutes which responded to the EdCIL-CII Study in India Survey 2019 are public-funded institutes. Among others, there are 5 IIITs, 11 IITs, 5 NITs, 2 IISERs, 2 IIMs, 4 Central universities and 4 state universities which completed the survey. Given the high level of aspiration of some of the leading private institutions for recruiting foreign students, their enhanced inputs are expected to add value to the survey in future.
India aspires to grow 3.5 to 4 times in terms of arrival of number of international students. The aim is to attract 1.5 to 2.5 lakh international students by 2022, thus beating the rate of growth of popular education destinations across the globe and rise to 15th position in the world in attracting international students. This is expected to double India’s market share of global education exports from less than 1 per cent to 2 per cent in five years.
At present AISHE 2018-19 data shows that there are more than 47,000 international students (accounting for 1 per cent of global international student mobility) studying in Indian higher educational institutions, making India 26thranked country among the top destinations for international student mobility globally. Foreign students come from 164 different countries from across the globe. The top 10 countries constitute 63.7 per cent of the total foreign students enrolled. Highest share of foreign students come from neighbouring countries of which Nepal is 26.88 per cent of the total, followed by Afghanistan (9.8 per cent), Bangladesh (4.38 per cent), Sudan (4.02 per cent), Bhutan (3.82 per cent) and Nigeria (3.4 per cent).
The CII-EdCIL survey was conducted in October on internationalisation of Study in India institutions to gauge the preparedness of Indian institutions on standard operating processes followed for attracting and onboarding international students. 60% of 77 higher education institutions that are part of the “Study in India” programme participated in the survey.
The survey was divided into two main sections. The first section was factual, dealing with standard operating procedures and the second section dealt with drivers of internationalisation. The first section was answered by almost all institutions while the second section was answered by 72 per cent institutions.
Over 4.3 million students pursue higher education outside their home country as per UNESCO Institute of Statistics 2014. India and China are the largest source countries in the world, and traditional destinations such as the US, the UK and Australia continue to attract the highest number of internationally mobile students.
The total number of students pursuing studies abroad at a global scale has grown from 2.7 million in 2004 to 4.3 million in 2014, representing 1.8 per cent of all tertiary enrolments globally. Since 2004, the education export sector has been growing at 5 per cent per annum. However, India is yet to harness the full potential of its wide education network.
77 institutions participated in the survey.
14 November 2019