India has been trying to solve the energy problem through promotion of different renewable energy technologies since 1970s. Initially it was R&D and capacity building. Now it is no more a subsidy driven activity, rather it has been matured as a distinct industry. At present the government of India is emphasizing grid-interactive power, and also encouraging Mega power RE projects. The country has set a target to achieve 15% RE electricity injection into the grid by 2020.
Some states of the country are approaching towards this target, but some states are lagging behind. Hence it is the need of the time to investigate what policy support measures and fiscal incentives are provided by the state governments who are still unable to meet national target. We have studied 5 such states of Eastern India namely, Bihar, Odisha, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand and West Bengal, where Specified Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) is less than the national target.