The Report was released at the National Conference on Sanitation: Towards Swachh Bharat: Creating Demand & Building Partnerships on 24th September 2015 at New Delhi. It has been brought out jointly with the Centre for Policy Research.
This report maps and explores the opportunities for investment in sanitation by the private sector, and also profiles 16 initiatives currently being undertaken in the provision of sanitation services and infrastructure either through corporate social responsibility (CSR) funding, public private partnership (PPP), or independent corporate funding. This report will be useful for both- the government and the corporate sector to understand models of industry engagement in sanitation and to inform policy and research.
Report - Key findings
· The report reveals that in the urban renewal programmes that are being configured, it is assumed that the major 300 cities would have sewerage based system.
· In the rest of the cities, a combination of faecal sludge management (FSM) and sewerage system would be developed in equal proportion. Ideally, the entire waste-water needs to be treated buried, recycled, reused or disposed in an environmentally friendly manner. However, close to 90 percent of the waste-water discharged in the environment is untreated. It pollutes the environment and creates health hazard for the population.
· Another, finding of the report reveals that 13,705 vacuum trucks are needed to de-sludge/empty 68,524,854 septic tanks once in 2-3 years.
· The estimated cost for implementing SBM, both capex (till 2019) and operation and maintenance (O&M) expenses for 10 years, is approximately Rs. 8.93 lakh crores.
· Another 43,200 crore are expected to be spent on soft skill component such as IEC, capacity building and administration. Of all the stakeholders involved in the SBM, the government expects significant engagement from the private sector including the industrial and the corporate sector.
About the Case Studies
- The case studies have been grouped and presented in four categories, which aggregate models for- rural infrastructure offers, urban infrastructure offers, service propositions and communication, education and behaviour change focused offers.
- The sub-sectors include toilets, solid waste management, waste-water treatment, community engagement for behaviour change, information, education and communication as well as integrated approaches.
- The cases reflect the wide variety of financing instruments and structures employed – from financial intermediation for asset creation, private risk capital for developing innovations, funding under private public partnership arrangements, raising project based funding from operations including user charges, application of corporate social responsibility funds, support garnered from external donors and foundations, and dovetailing efforts alongside government funding and programs.